Authors: Bram Wouterse, Arjen Hussem, Albert Wong
Published: April, 2019

Insight in the lifecycle dynamics of long term care costs is important to understand the effect of policy changes, such as the design of co-payments, on the costs and welfare across income and wealth groups. Modeling long term care expenditures over the lifecycle is challenging because of their very uneven distribution.

We find that the low and middle income and wealth groups use substantially more long term care over their life than the high income and wealth groups. The Dutch system of income- and wealth-dependent co-payments offers substantial protection against high costs for these groups, especially compared to a flat-rate co-payment. The middle groups benefit the most from the current system: as they do not qualify for income support, a flat-rate co-payment system would mainly burden them. Only the group with the highest financial means would benefit from the introduction of a flat-rate co-payment.

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