Tax and Benefit Reforms in a Model of Labour Market Transitions

by Michal Myck, Howard Reed
October, 2006

This paper presents a method for taking advantage of labour market transitions to identify the effects of financial incentives on employment decisions. The framework used is very flexible and by imposing few theoretical assumptions it allows us to extend the modelled sample relative to structural models. The authors take advantage of this flexibility to include … Continued

Apply with Caution: Introducing UK-Style In-Work Support in Germany

by Peter Haan, Michal Myck
October, 2006

Estimates of the labour supply effects of recent UK reforms in the area of direct taxes and benefits show that policy can have a significant influence on the level of employment. We confirm this in a simulation of an in-work support system introduced into the German tax and benefit system. Our simulation results suggest that … Continued

Globalisation and Social Risk Management in Europe – A Literature Review

by Juraj Draxler
September, 2006

Globalisation has become a catch-all term imbuing public discussions with a sense of urgency about something that often cannot even be properly identified. This literature review presents an outline of arguments about what globalisation actually can mean, how to measure it and how to face it. Large parts of the world have seen an explosion … Continued

The Child Penalty – A Compensating Wage Differential?

by Christina Felfe
August, 2006

Many studies document that women with children tend to earn lower wages than women without children (a shortfall known as the ‘child penalty’ or ‘family gap’). Despite the existence of several hypotheses about the causes of the child penalty, much about the gap in wages remains unexplained. This study explores the premise that mothers might … Continued

Objective Trends and Perceptions of Health Status in Germany

by Christina Felfe
August, 2006

This paper identifies previous trends and future prospects surrounding the health status of the population and the utilisation of health care services, based on data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (1984-2004). Health status and the demand for health care services is examined in conjunction with the following variables: health satisfaction; the degree to which health … Continued

Demographic Uncertainty and Fiscal Policy

by Alex Armstrong, Nick Draper, Andre Nibbelink, Ed Westerhout
August, 2006

It is well known by now that population ageing threatens the sustainability of fiscal policies in many countries. Although a number of policy options are available to address the problem, the uncertainty surrounding the future development of the population complicates matters. This paper analyses the economic, intergenerational and welfare effects of several alternative taxation policies … Continued