The Impact of Death-Related Costs on Health Care Expenditure: A Survey

by Michele Raitano
February, 2006

In the economic policy debate it is often stated that population ageing will lead to huge increases in the age-related components of public expenditure – primarily pensions and health care. This paper analyses a factor that may, at least partly, alleviate the fear that increased life expectancy will accelerate the rise in health-care spending: namely … Continued

The Influence of Supply and Demand Factors on Aggregate Health Care Expenditure with a Specific Focus on Age Composition

by Erika Schultz
November, 2005

Expenditure on medical treatment has tended to increase as a proportion of national income throughout the European Union. Overall there has been a rising trend in the mean as low-spending countries such as the UK have faced political pressure to spend at least the average EU proportion of their national income on the provision of … Continued

Health and Morbidity by Age and Socio-Economic Characteristics

by Richard Layte, Anne Nolan, Brian Nolan, Tom Van Ourti
November, 2005

Expenditure on medical treatment has tended to rise as a proportion of national income throughout the European Union. A particular concern is that, with an ageing population, the pressures on health expenditure will increase further. The aim of this particular work package is to describe and model health and morbidity, and the associated use of … Continued

Option Values for Retirement: Effects of Public Incentives to Postpone Retirement in Finland, Belgium and Germany

by Hannu Piekkola, Matthias Deschryvere
August, 2005

This paper studies the determinants of the retirement transitions of Europeans and focuses on the impact of social security systems on retirement behaviour. The analysis uses the first eight waves (1994-2001) of the European Community Household Panel. Based on these survey data, option values – which express, for each retirement age, the trade-off between retiring … Continued

Informal Elderly Care and Women’s Labour Force Participation across Europe

by Tarja K. Viitanen
July, 2005

This paper uses the European Community Household Panel (ECHP) to analyse the relationship between the dynamics of labour force participation and informal care to the elderly for a sample of women aged 20-59 across 13 European countries. The analysis has two focal points: the relative contributions of state dependence as well as observed and unobserved … Continued

Wellbeing and Dependency among the European Elderly: The Role of Social Integration

by Corinne Mette
July, 2005

This study aims at highlighting the importance of social integration for the wellbeing of dependent elderly persons living at home. This question is important because, as we can observe, social activities are not a priority for social policies regarding the dependent elderly in Europe. Here it is shown that social activities and contacts improve the … Continued