The Child Penalty – A Compensating Wage Differential?

by Christina Felfe
August, 2006

Many studies document that women with children tend to earn lower wages than women without children (a shortfall known as the ‘child penalty’ or ‘family gap’). Despite the existence of several hypotheses about the causes of the child penalty, much about the gap in wages remains unexplained. This study explores the premise that mothers might … Continued

Objective Trends and Perceptions of Health Status in Germany

by Christina Felfe
August, 2006

This paper identifies previous trends and future prospects surrounding the health status of the population and the utilisation of health care services, based on data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (1984-2004). Health status and the demand for health care services is examined in conjunction with the following variables: health satisfaction; the degree to which health … Continued

Demographic Uncertainty and Fiscal Policy

by Alex Armstrong, Nick Draper, Andre Nibbelink, Ed Westerhout
August, 2006

It is well known by now that population ageing threatens the sustainability of fiscal policies in many countries. Although a number of policy options are available to address the problem, the uncertainty surrounding the future development of the population complicates matters. This paper analyses the economic, intergenerational and welfare effects of several alternative taxation policies … Continued

New Member States and the Dependent Elderly

by Corinne Mette
July, 2006

The 10 new member states that joined the European Union in May 2004 have increased the population of the EU-15 by 20% and together account for almost 16.4% of the total EU-25 population. The current ageing of the population in the EU-15 has highlighted other challenges besides the well-known problems of financing pension and health … Continued

Demographic Factors and Health Expenditure Profiles by Age: The Case of Italy

by S. Gabriele, C. Cislaghi, F.Costantini, F. Innocenti, V. Lepore, F. Tediosi, M. Valerio, C. Zocchetti
May, 2006

This paper analyses the health expenditure profile by age and gender of survivors and deceased in four Italian regions. Per capita spending on the deceased constantly diminishes after middle age. The ratio between per capita expenditures on deceased and survivors by age shows a downward trend after about 40 years. Although we chose four regions … Continued

The Impact of Death-Related Costs on Health Care Expenditure: A Survey

by Michele Raitano
February, 2006

In the economic policy debate it is often stated that population ageing will lead to huge increases in the age-related components of public expenditure – primarily pensions and health care. This paper analyses a factor that may, at least partly, alleviate the fear that increased life expectancy will accelerate the rise in health-care spending: namely … Continued