Health and Morbidity in the Accession Countries, Country Report – Estonia

by Liis Rooväli
December, 2006

The report gives a brief overview of the demographic situation and recent trends in Estonia during the last 10 years. A current picture of the morbidity and health status of the population is presented, wherein the most important mortality and morbidity issues are discussed along with basic data concerning the Estonian health care system, its … Continued

Health and Morbidity in the Accession Countries, Country Report – Bulgaria

by Rossitsa Rangelova
December, 2006

Not unlike other countries in Europe, Bulgaria has been subject to the steady process of population ageing, partly owing to the well-established downward trend in birth rates over the last several decades. In the past 15 years, this trend has been accompanied by the consequences of rising emigration, which has primarily involved young and active … Continued

Tax and Benefit Reforms in a Model of Labour Market Transitions

by Michal Myck, Howard Reed
October, 2006

This paper presents a method for taking advantage of labour market transitions to identify the effects of financial incentives on employment decisions. The framework used is very flexible and by imposing few theoretical assumptions it allows us to extend the modelled sample relative to structural models. The authors take advantage of this flexibility to include … Continued

Apply with Caution: Introducing UK-Style In-Work Support in Germany

by Peter Haan, Michal Myck
October, 2006

Estimates of the labour supply effects of recent UK reforms in the area of direct taxes and benefits show that policy can have a significant influence on the level of employment. We confirm this in a simulation of an in-work support system introduced into the German tax and benefit system. Our simulation results suggest that … Continued

Globalisation and Social Risk Management in Europe – A Literature Review

by Juraj Draxler
September, 2006

Globalisation has become a catch-all term imbuing public discussions with a sense of urgency about something that often cannot even be properly identified. This literature review presents an outline of arguments about what globalisation actually can mean, how to measure it and how to face it. Large parts of the world have seen an explosion … Continued

The Child Penalty – A Compensating Wage Differential?

by Christina Felfe
August, 2006

Many studies document that women with children tend to earn lower wages than women without children (a shortfall known as the ‘child penalty’ or ‘family gap’). Despite the existence of several hypotheses about the causes of the child penalty, much about the gap in wages remains unexplained. This study explores the premise that mothers might … Continued