Illegal employment of non-EU nationals in Ireland

July, 2017

This is the first comprehensive study on illegal employment concerning both regularly and irregularly staying non-EU nationals in Ireland, which outlines in detail policy and practice with input from a variety of stakeholders. Its purpose is to provide an evidence base for national and EU policymakers, researchers, practitioners working with non-EEA nationals as well as … Continued

A lost generation? The early career effects of graduating during a recession

by Wiljan van den Berge
July, 2017

We estimate the effect of graduating during a recession on the early careers of high educated graduates in the Netherlands between 1996 and 2012. Exploiting field-specifi c differences in un-employment rates, we fi nd that graduates on average suffer a 2.3% lower wage in a typical recession in their first year. The wage loss fades out four … Continued

Tax Expenditure and the Cost of Labour Taxation – An application to company car taxation

by Benoît Laine, Alex Van Steenbergen
June, 2017

The goal of this paper is to estimate the efficiency cost of one additional euro of revenue through the personal income tax system, considering its simultaneous effects on the labour market and the transport market. More precisely, we seek to derive estimates of the Marginal Excess Burden of marginal personal income tax rates in Belgium … Continued

Could the decrease in Belgian government debt-servicing costs offset increased age-related expenditure?

by Mikkel Barslund, Lars Ludolph
June, 2017

This paper argues that none of the secular trends that have driven down real interest rates over the past two decades is likely to reverse in the near future. Thus, real rates can be expected to remain low and government debt-servicing costs to decrease further over the coming years. Based on these findings, the authors … Continued

Facing the future: tackling post-Brexit labour and skills shortages

by H. Rolfe, G. Davies
June, 2017

Alongside access to the singlemarket, EU immigration policy is arguably the most important issue facing employers and policymakers resulting from the UK’s decision to leave the European Union. At the time of publication, shortly after the General Election result and with a hung parliament in place, the terms of the UK’s exit from the EU … Continued

Unemployment Exits Before and During the Crisis

by Amparo Nagore Garcia, Arthur van Soest
June, 2017

Using administrative data from Spain, we compare the pattern and the determinants of individual unemployment durations and the stability of jobs found after unemployment before and during the recent crisis. We find particularly strong effects of the crisis on the hazards in the beginning of the unemployment spell. The groups hit hardest by the crisis … Continued