Time-in-Labour-Market and the Reference Group

by Laetitia Hauret, Donald R. Williams
January, 2018

This paper examines the relationship between the time spent in the labour market and the choice of the reference group for making relative income comparisons. The choice of reference group has been found in previous work to be an important determinant of various measures of well-being, including life-satisfaction, job-satisfaction, and satisfaction with pay. We estimate … Continued

Cost-Sharing Design Matters: A Comparison of the Rebate and Deductible in Healthcare

by Minke Remmerswaal, Jan Boone, Michiel Bijlsma, Rudy Douven
December, 2017

Since 2006, the Dutch population has faced two different cost-sharing schemes in health insurance for curative care: a mandatory rebate of 255 euros in 2006 and 2007, and since 2008 a mandatory deductible. Using administrative data for the entire Dutch population, we compare the effect of both cost-sharing schemes on healthcare consumption between 2006 and … Continued

A study of gender in senior civil service positions in Ireland

by Helen Russell, Emer Smyth, Selina McCoy, Raffaele Grotti, Dorothy Watson, Oona Kenny
December, 2017

Women make up the majority of those employed in the civil service but are underrepresented at the most senior grades, where key policy and operational decisions are taken. Action 8 of the Civil Service Renewal Plan commits to improving gender balance at each level, including senior grades. The present study was commissioned by a high-level … Continued

Consumption Inequality across Heterogeneous Families

by Alexandros Theloudis
November, 2017

This paper studies the transmission of wage shocks into consumption across families that exhibit unobserved preference heterogeneity. Heterogeneity and preferences over consumption and family labor supply are nonparametric. I show that any moment of the joint distribution of policy-relevant wage elasticities of consumption and labor supply is identified separately from the distributions of incomes and … Continued

The Internet and Jobs: A giant opportunity for Europe

by William Echikson
November, 2017

Over the past two decades, digitalisation has unleashed deep-seated fear among workers for the future of their jobs. Many of our daily activities, from entertainment to shopping, are being transformed. Uber drivers replace taxi drivers, artificial intelligence programmed legal review software replaces lawyers, and robots replace blue-collar manufacturing workers. Some studies predict that digitalisation and … Continued

Employment Polarization in local labor markets: the Dutch case

by Raoul van Maarseveen
November, 2017

Recent literature documents the pervasiveness of job polarization in the labor markets of the developed world. However, relatively little is known about polarization on a sub-national level. We exploit extensive data on both genders from Statistics Netherlands to confirm polarization as an important trend in the Dutch national labor market between 1999 and 2012. Furthermore, … Continued