The Internet and Jobs: A giant opportunity for Europe

by William Echikson
November, 2017

Over the past two decades, digitalisation has unleashed deep-seated fear among workers for the future of their jobs. Many of our daily activities, from entertainment to shopping, are being transformed. Uber drivers replace taxi drivers, artificial intelligence programmed legal review software replaces lawyers, and robots replace blue-collar manufacturing workers. Some studies predict that digitalisation and … Continued

Employment Polarization in local labor markets: the Dutch case

by Raoul van Maarseveen
November, 2017

Recent literature documents the pervasiveness of job polarization in the labor markets of the developed world. However, relatively little is known about polarization on a sub-national level. We exploit extensive data on both genders from Statistics Netherlands to confirm polarization as an important trend in the Dutch national labor market between 1999 and 2012. Furthermore, … Continued

A study of minimum wage employment in Ireland: the role of worker, household and job characteristics

by Bertrand Maître , Seamus McGuinness , Paul Redmond
November, 2017

This study examines which workers earn the National Minimum Wage (NMW) in Ireland.  The report provides a breakdown of who earns the minimum wage, their backgrounds and the jobs they hold.

Globalizing labor and the world economy: the role of human capital

by Marco Delogu, Frédéric Docquier, Joël Machado
November, 2017

Abstract: We develop a dynamic model of the world economy that jointly endogenizes individual decisions about fertility, education and migration. We then use it to compare the shortand long-term effects of immigration restrictions on the world distribution of income. Our calibration strategy replicates the economic and demographic characteristics of the world, and allows us to … Continued

Will Brexit raise the cost of living?

by S. Clarke, I. Serwicka, L.A. Winters
November, 2017

This paper considers two aspects of this question. First, Brexit has already induced a devaluation of sterling of around 14 per cent since June 2016, which has started to work through to consumer prices: between June 2016 and July 2017 consumer prices increased by around 2.5 per cent. Second, while it is not government policy, … Continued

Premium levels and demand response in health insurance: relative thinking and zero-price effects

by Rudy Douven, Ron van der Heijden
October, 2017

In health care systems with a competitive health insurance market, governments or other sponsors (e.g. employers) often subsidize premiums to encourage enrolment. These subsidies are typically independent of plan choice leaving the absolute premium differences in place so as not to distort consumer choice of plan. Such subsidies do, however, change the relative premium differences … Continued