Expanding access to universal childcare: Effects on childcare arrangements and maternal employment

by Audrey Bousselin
August, 2019

In most OECD countries, subsidised childcare is a key instrument to support maternal employment. Using a large reform implemented in Luxembourg in 2009, I study the effect of expanding access to subsidised childcare on childcare and employment decisions of women in a context where childcare is universal and heavily subsidised, but bound by capacity constraints. … Continued

Working Time, Employment and Competitiveness

by Antti Kauhanen, Markku Lehmus
August, 2019

This report studies working time and competitiveness. The first part of the report compares working time in Finland to other European countries using working time data from Eurostat and provides a review of the economics literature on working time and employment. The second part of the report studies the impact of the Competitiveness Pact on … Continued

Caring and unpaid work in Ireland

by Helen Russell, Raffaele Grotti, Frances McGinnity, Ivan Privalko
July, 2019

This research examines Irish data collected over more than a decade to investigate involvement in unpaid work in the areas of childcare, care of older adults or those with a disability, and housework. It was funded by the Irish Human Rights and Equality Commission. The study finds that adults in Ireland spend an average of 16 hours per … Continued

Mobility among older adults: Deconstructing the effects of motility and movement on wellbeing

by Timothée Cuignet, Camille Perchoux, Geoffrey Caruso, Olivier Klein, Sylvain Klein, Basile Chaix, Yan Kestens, Philippe Gerber
July, 2019

Daily mobility has been shown to contribute to the wellbeing of older adults, as it promotes healthy and independent living. However, very little is known about how the complex relationships between locations, geographic environments and daily mobility relate to wellbeing. In the current paper, we rely on the concept of ‘motility’– defined as potential mobility– … Continued

A comparative analysis of deprivation among the elderly in Belgium

by Manon Bolland, Gijs Dekkers, Karel Van den Bosch
July, 2019

This Working Paper identifies the characteristics that explain severe material deprivation in Belgium, while making a distinction between people aged below 65 and those aged 65 or above. Severe material deprivation has decreased for both groups. Young people are more impacted than the elderly. Although there is a clear link between income and deprivation, the … Continued

Income and wealth during the course of life

by Thomas Kooiman, Marcel Lever, Emma van de Meerendonk, Jason Rhuggenaath
June, 2019

This paper analyzes whether households diminish their wealth during retirement as the life-cycle hypothesis suggests. We also consider the development of income during retirement. We use a balanced panel of two million households, of the Netherlands in 2006–2013. The analysis shows that gross income after retirement is considerably lower than before, but income is relatively … Continued