Upcoming Activities

Date Events
Inequality and the European Identity – Lecture series : Inequality and … ?

LISER together with many partners in Luxembourg co-organizes the following lecture.

The connection between the European Identity and inequality presents a puzzle. This talk examines whether the answer to the puzzle is to be found in the facts about income and wealth distribution, or in European attitudes to distributional fairness, or in the connections between European citizens’ preferences for redistribution and their own national ties.

Prof. Frank Cowell (London School of Economics and Political Science)

Luxembourg, Luxembourg
How Much Does Your Boss Make? The Effects of Salary Comparisons


We study how employees learn about the salaries of their peers and managers, and how those beliefs affect their own behavior. We conducted a field experiment with a sample of 2,000 employees from a multi-billion-dollar corporation. We combine rich data from surveys and administrative records with an experiment that provided some employees with accurate information about the salaries of others. First, we document large misperceptions about salaries and identify some of the sources of these misperceptions. Second, we find significant behavioral elasticities with respect to the perceived salaries of other employees. These effects are different for horizontal and vertical comparisons: while higher perceived peer salary decreases effort, output and retention, higher perceived manager salary has a positive effect on those same outcomes. We discuss evidence on the underlying mechanisms, and implications for pay inequality and pay transparency.

Presented by
Ricardo Perez-Truglia (University of California, Los Angeles)

Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Seminar: “Do mothers increase their labor supply when children go to school?”

When children start going to school, parents save money or time or both and this can affect their labor supply. For parents who do not work fulltime, labor supply is expected to increase when their youngest child starts school, as they spend less time caring for their children. At the same time, the labor supply of working parents may decrease because they spend less money on child care. In this paper, we examine the trade-off between leisure, work and childcare when children start school. We derive predictions using a stylized model of the labor supply of mothers. Using detailed administrative data on all parents from the Netherlands, where children start school (kindergarten) for approximately 20 hours a week when they turn 4 years old, we show that mothers’ labor supply increases by 2 to 3% when their youngest child starts going to school. The effect of additional time dominates the income effect.

The Hague, Netherlands
Knowledge Spillovers from Multinationals to Local Firms: International and Irish Evidence

Seminar Topic:

Multinational firms are associated with new technologies and advanced organisational know-how which could potentially generate positive effects on the performance of domestic firms. The speakers will present recent research-based international and Irish evidence on the main channels for knowledge spillovers from multinationals and their effects on the productivity and trade performance of domestic firms. On the basis of this evidence, the speakers will discuss implications for policies aimed at enhancing the diffusion of new knowledge and technologies from multinationals to domestic firms.

Speaker Bios:

Dr Iulia Siedschlag is Associate Research Professor at the Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI) and Adjunct Professor at the Department of Economics, Trinity College Dublin. She leads the ESRI’s research programme on Internationalisation and Competitiveness. Iulia has published widely in peer-reviewed international journals and books, especially on international trade, foreign direct investment, innovation, productivity and economic growth in Ireland and other European Union countries. She has been awarded a significant number of research grants from international and national organisations and has successfully led a large number of international research consortia involving research institutes and universities from Europe. Iulia has been appointed to numerous Expert Groups and provided policy advice to national and international organisations including the European Commission, the European Central Bank, the World Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank, the Asian Development Bank Institute, the International Labour Organization, and the World Economic Forum.

Dr Mattia Di Ubaldo is Research Fellow at the University of Sussex, United Kingdom, and Research Affiliate at the ESRI. His research areas are international trade, the economics of innovation, industrial economics and applied econometrics.

Dublin, Ireland
Anglo-German Foundation Lecture

‘Hours worked around the world – facts and driving forces’

Hours worked used to be higher in Europe than in the US at the end of WWII, but nowadays Europeans work on average substantially fewer hours than their American counterparts. Moreover, there is substantial variation across European countries: While British adults work on average 1180 hours per year, Germans work 1110 hours, and Italians only 900 hours. What factors contribute to these hours differences across countries? Which groups exhibit the largest differences? And how do hours worked in the poorest countries of the world compare to those in the industrialized countries? The lecture will present new facts on hours worked differences across countries, and analyze their driving forces.

London, United Kingdom

Past Activities

Date Events
Inequality and Surnames – Lecture series : Inequality and … ?

LISER together with many partners in Luxembourg co-organizes the following lecture.

Until recently, surnames for men in most societies were inherited from their fathers. In this talk I show how we can use this fact, and the information content in surnames, to reveal surprising results about the nature and mechanisms of social mobility. In particular surnames reveal that social mobility rates are much lower than conventionally estimated, and hence inequalities greater. Surnames also can offer surprising insights into the sources of regional inequalities in economic outcomes. They suggest, for example, that regional disparities in modern England are entirely the product of selective migration of economic talent within England over the past 200 years.

Luxembourg, Luxembourg
1st Vienna Workshop on Economic Forecasting

People who are interested in participating in the First Vienna Workshop on Economic Forecasting 2018 are invited to register in the Conference Management System Conftool:

Vienna, Austria
Seminar: “Why do wages grow faster in urban areas? An empirical investigation of the role of spatial sorting”

The existence of an urban wage growth premium is a well-established empirical fact. This article challenges the conventional view that faster wage growth for urban workers is mainly caused by human capital spillovers. Instead, we find that the positive association between city size and wage growth is to a great extent driven by sorting of workers and firms, with inherently higher wage growth, into bigger cities. Having controlled for spatial sorting, we conclude that only young workers experience significant urban wage growth benefits. Wage level benefits of urban areas are important to all types of workers, especially the highly educated.

The Hague, Netherlands
Inequality and Genes – Lecture series : Inequality and … ?

Inequality in economic outcomes partly reflects genetic variation: there is considerable evidence that economic outcomes are strongly positively correlated within families. However, the strength of these correlations varies across both time and space, suggesting that other forces are also at play. This leads to more complex models of family assocations in economic outcomes. The policy implications of different views of the relationship between economic inequality and genes are discussed. While doubt can be cast on the view that inequality is mostly genetic, the implications for, e.g., policies to reduce inequality are widely misunderstood.


Prof. Markus Jäntti (Stockholm University)

Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Conference on Poverty Dynamics of Social Risk Groups in the EU

The conference will feature the publication of a new research report for the Department of Employment Affairs and Social Protection on Poverty Dynamics of Social Risk Groups in the EU. This paper will draw on the EU-SILC dataset for selected countries from 2004 to 2015 to investigate changes over the period in the trends and dynamics in income poverty (AROP) and material deprivation for social risk groups in several European countries representing different welfare regimes (Nordic, Liberal, Corporatist, Southern and Eastern). A panel of discussants will consider the research findings and their implications for policy. The conference will look at international research on Poverty Dynamics. It will conclude by reflecting on the research, policy implications and plenary discussions.

Dublin, Ireland
Inequality and Poverty Across Generations in Europe

During the last decade, overall income inequality in the European Union (EU) has remained stable. A closer look, however, reveals opposing developments between the real incomes of the young and the elderly. While before the global financial crisis, the young and the elderly faced similar risk of relative poverty, more recently, the risk of poverty increased significantly for the young and declined sharply for the elderly. What can explain this trend and which measures can policymakers adopt to ensure that today’s young do not fall further behind the rest of the population?  What new policies, if any, are necessary?

IMF will present the recent research paper “Inequality and Poverty Across Generations in Europe” and discuss possible policy solutions that could foster integration of the young into the labor market and provide better protection through re-design of social protection and taxation systems.

Brussels, Belgium