by K. Melesk, K. Koppel, A. Michelson, M. Laurimäe, M. Masso, M. Vainre, R. A. Keskus (May, 2019)
One of the labour market measures offered by the Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund has been mobility support to cover the expenses of transportation from home to work. The aim is to support the mobility of people looking for work, to support accepting a job further form home and, hence, reduce the length of unemployment. Mobility support is targeted to long-term unemployed (unemployment of at least six months) and who accept a job at least 30 kilometres from home.
by Bram Wouterse, Arjen Hussem, Albert Wong (April, 2019)
Insight in the lifecycle dynamics of long term care costs is important to understand the effect of policy changes, such as the design of co-payments, on the costs and welfare across income and wealth groups. Modeling long term care expenditures over the lifecycle is challenging because of their very uneven distribution.
We find that the low and middle income and wealth groups use substantially more long term care over their life than the high income and wealth groups. The Dutch system of income- and wealth-dependent co-payments offers substantial protection against high costs for these groups, especially compared to a flat-rate co-payment. The middle groups benefit the most from the current system: as they do not qualify for income support, a flat-rate co-payment system would mainly burden them. Only the group with the highest financial means would benefit from the introduction of a flat-rate co-payment.
by Féidhlim McGowan, Pete Lunn (April, 2019)
This study used a controlled experiment to test whether explanatory diagrams can improve comprehension of pensions and increase willingness to contribute to a pension. It finds that diagrams help people to see the benefits of contributing to a pension, but people still struggle to understand how pensions work. People find tax relief particularly complex, raising concerns about its effectiveness as an incentive.
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